Legislation is the source of law. The legislation means making of law/ settling of law. In a narrow sense, legislation is the making of law by the Supreme authority. Legislation in a wider sense, making law by any authority. Legislation has superiority over all the other sources of law that is the President, custom, and agreement.
The legislation makes law and any kind of amendment goes through legislation. The legislation is also called written law, statutory law, enacted law, and the law of the parliament.
Kinds Of Legislation
Legislation has two main kinds such as direct and indirect legislation and also supreme and subordinate legislation.
Direct Legislation: When the legislation is done by the supreme authority in a direct manner which means authority makes a law in a clear word.
Indirect Legislation: Making of law by different bodies such as judges, autonomous bodies.
Supreme Legislation: When the law is done by the Parliament. When parliament makes a law, we all are bound to follow that law. We can’t challenge that law in any court because the parliament is a Supreme authority. So that we must follow that law and if we don’t then we are liable for the punishment.
Subordinate Legislation: When the law is made by the subordinate bodies. These subordinate bodies have the power of legislation by their superior authority which is called delegation of power. Delegation power occurs because the superior authorities want to relax from the burden.
Subordinate bodies include
Executive Bodies: The executive branch is responsible for carrying out, or executing, the laws.
Judicial Bodies: Any public organization or branch of government responsible for the administration of the enforcement of laws.
Autonomous Bodies: Those bodies that are declared as autonomous by the government. These bodies have their own capabilities to make their own laws such as private schools, universities, railways.
Municipal Bodies: Legislation done by municipal bodies by law-making power on their own locality.