|(Law n ° 2001-398 of May 9, 2001 art. 6 Official Journal of May 10, 2001)
I. – The State ensures, with the assistance of the territorial collectivities in the respect of their free administration and the principles of decentralization, the surveillance of the quality of the air and its effects on health and on the environment. It entrusts the Agency for the Environment and Energy Management with the technical coordination of air quality monitoring. Air quality objectives, alert thresholds and limit values are set, after consulting the French Environmental Health Safety Agency, in accordance with those defined by the European Union or, failing that, by the ‘World Health Organization. These objectives, thresholds of
II. – For the purposes of this title, the following definitions apply:
1 ° Quality objectives, a level of concentration of polluting substances in the atmosphere, set on the basis of scientific knowledge, with the aim of avoiding, preventing or reducing harmful effects of these substances for human health or for the environment, to be achieved within a given period;
2 ° Alert thresholds, a level of concentration of polluting substances in the atmosphere beyond which a short-term exposure presents a risk to human health or degradation of the environment from which emergency measures must be taken. taken ;
3 ° Limit values, a maximum level of concentration of polluting substances in the atmosphere, set on the basis of scientific knowledge, with the aim of avoiding, preventing or reducing the harmful effects of these substances on human health or for the environment.
III. – Substances whose release into the atmosphere may contribute to a degradation of air quality with regard to the objectives mentioned in the first paragraph are monitored, in particular by observing the evolution of the parameters specific to revealing the existence of such degradation. Public health parameters likely to be affected by changes in air quality are also monitored.
|A system for monitoring air quality and its effects on health and the environment must have been put in place at the latest: by January 1, 1997 in agglomerations with more than 250,000 inhabitants, for the January 1, 1998 in agglomerations with more than 100,000 inhabitants, and for January 1, 2000 for the whole of the national territory. The monitoring methods are adapted to the needs of each area concerned.
A decree sets the air quality objectives, alert thresholds and limit values as well as the list of substances mentioned in III of article L. 221-1. The list and map of municipalities included in agglomerations with more than 250,000 inhabitants as well as in agglomerations between 100,000 and 250,000 inhabitants are annexed to this decree.
|In each region, and in the local authority of Corsica, the State entrusts the implementation of the surveillance provided for in article L. 221-2 to one or more approved organizations. These bring together, in a balanced way, representatives of the State and the Environment and Energy Management Agency, local authorities, representatives of the various activities contributing to the emission of monitored substances. , environmental protection associations approved under Article L. 141-1, approved consumer associations and, where applicable, belonging to the same college as the associations, qualified individuals. The modalities of