|The incorporation of oxygenated compounds, in particular of agricultural origin, in petroleum fuels intended for motor vehicles is encouraged as part of the fight against air pollution.
This incorporation is the subject, within the framework defined at community level, and on a proposal from the Minister in charge of energy and the Minister in charge of the environment, of pilot operations in sensitive urban areas, where pollution is characterized. by high levels of carbon monoxide, unburnt and atmospheric ozone.
The general conditions for the implementation of these pilot operations are defined by decree of the Council of State.
|The rules relating to energy consumption and polluting emissions from motor vehicles are laid down by Articles L. 8-A to L. 8-C of the Highway Code reproduced below:
“Art. L. 8-A. – Vehicles must be built, marketed, operated, used, maintained and, where applicable, repaired so as to ensure the safety of all road users and to minimize energy consumption and the creation of non-recoverable waste, emissions of polluting substances, in particular carbon dioxide, referred to in Article L. 220-2 of the Environment Code, as well as other nuisances likely to compromise public health.
The energy consumption of vehicles and their measurement methods must be displayed at the place of their sale or rental.
Motor vehicles are subject to identification based on their contribution to limiting air pollution. The vehicles thus identified may in particular benefit from privileged traffic and parking conditions.
Decrees issued by the Council of State determine the conditions for the application of this article.
“Art. L. 8-B. – Subject to the constraints related to the requirements of the service, the State, public establishments, public operators, national companies, for their activities not belonging to the competitive sector, as well as local authorities and their groups, when directly or indirectly manage a fleet of more than twenty vehicles, acquire or use, during the renewal of their vehicle fleet, in a minimum proportion of 20%, vehicles running on electric energy, liquefied petroleum gas or natural gas . This measure applies to all vehicles in said vehicle fleets, with the exception of those whose total authorized laden weight exceeds 3.5 tonnes.
A Council of State decree specifies the conditions for the application of this article.
“Art. L. 8-C. – Subject to the constraints related to the requirements of the service, the State, public establishments, public operators, national companies, for their activities not belonging to the competitive sector, as well as local authorities and their groups, when directly or indirectly manage a fleet of more than twenty vehicles used for public passenger transport, use vehicles running on fuels whose minimum oxygen level has been raised. This measure applies in the urban transport perimeters of agglomerations of more than 100,000 inhabitants defined in the second paragraph of article L. 221-2 of the environment code.
A Council of State decree specifies the conditions of application of this article. »NOTE: Articles L8-A, L8-B and L8-C reproduced above remain in force until June 1, 2001.