“Company law” groups together the rules of law according to the concept of company , which is an economic and not legal concept, independent of the consideration of the natural and / or legal persons who constitute the company. Insofar as the company is however used by textual standards, the case law defines the concept of company .
A classification is made according to the size of the enterprise between micro enterprises, SMEs, large enterprises. Listed companies, and in particular those in the CAC 40, constitute a category that can be considered specific. A distinction is also made between family businesses as opposed to managerial companies.
With the Industrial Revolution, the company generally became a capitalist company
The legal treatment of companies in difficulty is ensured by the law of collective proceedings . The law of July 26, 2007 aims to protect companies.
The company is at the base of the definition of public enterprises which fall under the public sector.
Due to the liberalization of the sectors of production and distribution of public services, respect for the criteria of equal treatment between public enterprises and private enterprises must be ensured.
The entrepreneurial freedom is a fundamental right which is the basis for many praetorian rules.