Behavior (by action or omission) that is prohibited by law and carries a penalty.
The person who commits an offense is an offender
Offense in which a characteristic of the commission is duration, as opposed to an instantaneous offense, and unlike a permanent offense
An offense whose consequences extend over time. The time factor affects the consequences of the offense, not its commission, as is the case with a continuing offense
The three main types of criminally sanctioned offenses which are distinguished among themselves are contraventions, misdemeanors and felonies. These distinctions are intended to highlight:
- their respective gravity,
- the types of penalties incurred,
- the competent courts ,
- the possibilities of penal composition,
- limitation periods .
The contravention is the least serious offense: irregular parking, slight assault and battery , etc.
the contraventions are themselves divided into 5 categories, from the least serious (category 1) to the most serious (category 5)
Then comes the offense : abandonment of family , sexual assault without rape, manslaughter, theft, etc.
The crime is the most serious offense: murder, murder, terrorism, rape, etc.