Proof
LexInter | October 12, 2017 | 0 Comments

Proof

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Reference   Directory of the Defrénois notariat , December 30, 2002, n ° 37644, p. 1624-1627;

KEYWORDS      Real estate credit. Prior offer – Acceptance – Ten day period – Proof. -Medium.- Postmark.-Scope.

CRIM DECISION   . – June 11, 2002. PARTIAL CASSATION   N ° 01-85.559. – CA Montpellier, June 5, 2001. – Association SOS Racisme

Reference   BICC 563

No legal provision allows criminal judges to exclude the means of proof produced by the parties on the sole ground that they have been obtained unlawfully or unfairly. It is up to them only, in application of article 427 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, to assess their probative value after having submitted them to the adversarial discussion.

Disregards this principle the court of appeal which, in a procedure followed by the head of discrimination, refuses to examine the evidence obtained by the civil parties by means of the process known as “testing”, consisting in requesting the supply of a good or a service for the sole purpose of noting any discriminatory behavior, on the grounds that this process would have been implemented in an unfair manner.

KEYWORDS Proof -Free administration. – Scope – Means of proof obtained unlawfully or unfairly – probative force

REVIEWED DECISION (S) :                Cour de cassation, commercial chamber, March 13, 2001, BRED v Gaultier de la Richerie

AUTHOR (S): Saint-Gérand, Valérie 

REFERENCE: The Dalloz, Notebook Business Law, No. 38, 1 st November 2001, pp. 3113-3117  

 KEY WORDS : Bank, article 1315 of the Civil Code

Having noted the undue nature of the disputed credit, the Court of Appeal reversed the burden of proof by not deciding that it was therefore up to the holder to establish that he had been able to misunderstand his rights and spend in good faith. the sums charged to his account.

REVIEWED DECISION : Cass. 1 re civ. May 2, 2001, Poupard c / Pitorin judgment n ° 679 FS-P + B; Dalloz, 2001.1950 obs. A.Lienhard

AUTHORS : B. Saintourens

REFERENCES : Quarterly review of commercial and economic law, October December2001, n ° 4, pp. 865 and s.

KEYWORDS : Acts of commerce and traders. Proof

Concerning an irregular recognition of debt relating to a sum intended for the acquisition of a business, art. 1326 of the CC does not apply when it is a question, with regard to traders, of proving commercial acts, which, in accordance with art. 110-3 of the C.Com. can be proven by any means, unless otherwise decided by law. The application of such a rule to the present case supposes that one is indeed, cumulatively, in the presence of an act of commerce and of a trader. However, when it comes to a person who is on the threshold of exercising a commercial activity, such a double qualification cannot be achieved.

REVIEWED DECISION : Cass. 1 re civ. May 2, 2001, Poupard c / Pitorin judgment n ° 679 FS-P + B; Dalloz, 2001.1950 obs. A.Lienhard

 AUTHORS : B. Saintourens

REFERENCES : Quarterly review of commercial and economic law, October December2001, n ° 4, pp. 867

KEYWORDS : Acts of commerce and traders

In a mixed act, the rules of proof of civil law apply to the party for which it is of a civil nature.

REVIEWED DECISION Paris       Court of Appeal, 8 th Chamber A, March 17, 1998, Madame Baret against Madame Brichon and others; Court of Cassation, First Civil Chamber, May 30, 2000, Madame Baret v Madame Brichon and others

AUTHOR (S)            Nizard, Frédéric

Reference            JCP G Semaine Juridique (general edition)  , n °            14  ,             04/04/2001  , pp.             709-713,  Case law II 10505

 KEYWORDS            Evidence, civil matters, photocopy, faithful and durable copy, conditions, article 1348 paragraph 2 of the Civil Code, additional insurance contract, insurer, loss of the original, material impossibility of obtaining written proof, probative value of the photocopy produced, sovereign assessment of the trial judges, falsification, integrity and accountability of the content of the copy, absence of dispute, judicial expertise, commencement of proof in writing

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, 3 rd Civil Chamber, March 10, 1999, Béal v Ms. Ruczinski

AUTHOR (S)            Mallet-Bricout, Blandine

Reference            Recueil Dalloz Sirey  , n °        10  ,            08/03/2001  , pp.             817-820

 KEYWORDS            Evidence, decisive oath, hierarchy of modes of proof, contestation, judicial oath, administration of evidence, article 1357 of the Civil Code, relevance of facts, legal proof, moral proof, judge, personal conviction, law, conditions of admissibility , probative force, judicial truth, superiority of expertise, pre-eminence of scientific evidence, right to conduct civil proceedings, article 11 of the New Code of Civil Procedure (NCPC)

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Civil Chamber number 1, February 08, 2000, Arfi v Garage de la Butte Rouge

AUTHOR (S)            Daleau, Jeanne

Reference            Recueil Dalloz Sirey  , n °        11  ,             11/03/2000  , pp.             135-136

Business law book

KEYWORDS            France, proof, trader, commercial deed, proof by any means, mixed deed, sales contract, recovery, invoice

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, 1 st Civil Chamber, January 11, 2000, Ms. Deschamps against SA Lyonnaise de Banque

AUTHOR (S)            Ferries, Sylvie

Reference            JCP E Semaine Juridique (company edition)  , n °            1  ,            04/01/2001  , pp. 33-37

KEYWORDS            Ownership of property, proof by any means, creditor bank, article 544 of the Civil Code, production of purchase invoices, cohabitation, burden of proof, possessor, applicant, article 2279 paragraph 1 of the Civil Code, vice of ‘equivocation, burden of proof, possession, presumption of ownership, articles 1315 et seq. of the Civil Code, actori incumbit probatio, admissible evidence, assessment of probative force, utility of proof, sovereign power

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, 1 st Civil Chamber, March 28, 2000, SA Lazard v Mrs Thurin-Fuentes, judgment number 654 P

AUTHOR (S)            Leveneur, Laurent

Reference            JCP G Legal Week (general edition)  , No.            35  ,            30/08/2000  , pp.1555-1556

KEYWORDS            Fax, surety bond, proof, probative value, sovereign appraisal, editing, non-existent original, sovereign appraisal

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Civil Chamber number 1, judgment number 638 P + B, March 30, 1999, Compagnie générale des eaux against Albou

AUTHOR (S)            Ghica-Lemarchand, Claudia

Reference            JCP G Legal Week (general edition)  , No.            24  ,            14/06/2000  , pp.1131-1135,            Case 10334

KEYWORDS            Proof, subscription contract charge, water supply, invoice, high amount, extinction of the obligation, subscriber

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Civil Chamber number 1, March 30, 1999, Miss Dindinaud against Lelong

AUTHOR (S)            Cagnoli, Pierre

Reference            JCP G Semaine Juridique (general edition)  , n °            12  ,            03/22/2000  , pp. 525-528,            Case law II, 10274

KEYWORDS Inter            vivos donation, manual donation, burden of proof, presumption in the event of a bank transfer for the benefit of the person who received the donation, proof to the contrary, charge of the opposing party, article 1315 of the Civil Code

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Social Chamber, February 18, 199, CRCAM d’Alsace Moselle v Société Manpower France

AUTHOR (S)            Vachet, Gérard

Reference            JCP E Semaine Juridique (company edition)  , n °            50  ,            16/12/1999  , pp. 2021-2023

KEYWORDS            France, work accidents and occupational diseases, contributions, calculation, consideration of the financial consequences of an accident occurring in an establishment which is now closed, burden of proof, article 1315 of the Civil Code

REVISED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Social Chamber, December 2, 1998, Fdida v Société OCME France; Court of Cassation, Criminal Chamber, March 16, 1999, Société des Établissements Rabot

AUTHOR (S)            Bouretz, Sophie

Reference            JCP G Semaine Juridique (general edition) , n °            39  ,            29/09/1999  , pp. 1731-1734, Case law 10166

KEYWORDS            France, industrial tribunal, procedure, administration of evidence, Civil Code article 1315, possibility for the employee to produce company documents brought to his attention in the performance of his duties in order to ensure his defense, theft, constituent elements, employee, documents belonging to the employer, motive and use of property indifferent

APPEALED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Civil Chamber number 1, June 03, 1998, Serra v Husband Serra

AUTHOR (S)            Ravigneaux, Christelle

Reference            Recueil Dalloz Sirey  , n °        32  ,            16/09/1999  , pp.             453-456

KEYWORDS            France, proof, administration of proof, beginning of proof in writing, check, loan, endorsement, beneficiary, loan, payment, discharge, receipt, promise to sell, burden of proof, remittance of funds

 REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Commercial Chamber, May 12, 1998, Madame Jacquet v Banque La Hénin

AUTHOR (S)            Leveneur, Laurent

Reference            JCP E Semaine Juridique (company edition)  , n °            50  ,            10/12/1998  , pp. 1970-1971

KEYWORDS            France, proof, modes of proof, freedom of proof, conditions, surety given in the exercise or for the interest of the trade, evidence reported, commercial code, article 109, application

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APPEALED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Civil Chamber number 1, June 03, 1998, Serra v Husband Serra

AUTHOR (S)            Morvan, Patrick

Reference            JCP E Semaine Juridique (company edition)  , n °            27  ,             02/07/1998  , pp. 1072-1073,             Panorama rapid

KEYWORDS            Loan, loan, credit, check, endorsement, endorsement, proof, remittance of funds, reality, condition of existence, article 1341 of the Civil Code, article 1315 of the Civil Code, contracts and obligations, sale of immovable, unilateral promise , wording of a receipt of a sum of money, release value, form, regime, probative consition, modality, particulars

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Civil Chamber number 1, 04 March 1997, Timbert

AUTHOR (S)            Gonon, Claudine

Reference            JCP G Semaine Juridique (general edition)  , n °            48  ,            26/11/1997  , pp.             521-522 , Case law 22954

KEYWORDS            Deed under private signature, validity, article 1326 of the Civil Code, acknowledgment of debt, absence of handwritten mention of the amount in figures and letters, beginning of proof in writing, deed in duplicate, possession of a copy by the debtor , additional proof, agreement relating to his dismissal, employee, company, debtor, acknowledgment of debt, signing of the deed

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Commercial Chamber, 02 December 1997, SA Descamps v SA Banque Scalbert Dupont

AUTHOR (S)            Grynbaum, Luc

Reference            JCP G Legal Week (general edition)  , No.            25  ,            17/06/1998  , pp.1105-1108,            10097 Case

KEYWORDS            C gory of receivables, Article 6 of the Law of 2 January 1981, assigned debtor, acceptance, written evidence, fax, fax, probative, litigation

REVIEWED DECISION       Court of Cassation, Commercial Chamber, October 08, 1996, Banque Française de Crédit Coopératif against Madame Deshoulières

AUTHOR (S)            Fauchon, Anne

Reference            Recueil Dalloz Sirey  , n °        38  ,            10/30/1997  , pp.             504-508

KEYWORDS            Administration of proof, private deed, pencil, surety bond, claim, commitment, validity, bonded debtor, name

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