Computer law is the first phase of the law of new information and communications technologies. Data processing, based in particular on electronics which allow the development of computers, indeed allows the automated processing of information.
IT is first and foremost a centralized IT system, with legal problems linked to the sale of IT systems and falling under sales law, both in terms of the obligation to advise ( obligation to advise the seller of complex equipment ) and guarantees,. Many disputes concern IT contracts.
Computing will leave the computer rooms with the appearance of the personal computer. The legal issues will be those related to the sale of hardware and those related to software, which is increasingly becoming standard software. The software gives rise to litigation concerning the development of the software, the rights concerning this software. Case law specifies the possibilities of technical protection of software as well as the legal protection of software
Case law is developing, in particular for the application of legislative texts, concerning automated data processing systems.
Databases will develop with the problems of protecting these databases, but also with problems concerning the constitution of databases, the conservation of computer data and the protection of personal data.
The use of IT tools in the company gives rise in particular to disputes concerning the possibility of controlling and monitoring the use of computers by employees, within the framework of what is termed cybersurveillance , and the respect for the privacy of employees at work .