Thomas Robert Malthus wrote An Essay on the Principle of Population in 1798. It was initially published anonymously. However, it soon became clear that the author was Thomas Robert Malthus. The paper describes his theory of overpopulation and the arithmetical ratio. Here’s what you need to know about his theory as a lawyer.
Thomas Robert Malthus
In 1798, a man by the name of Thomas Robert Malthus published a work known as An Essay on the Principle of Population. Though the piece was initially published anonymously, its author soon came to light. The essay writing service was an essential contribution to the study of population growth.
Malthus argued that human population growth exceeds the ability of the earth to produce enough food. His ideas have been influential ever since. Malthus’s ideas influenced the works of Paul Ehrlich and Charles Darwin. But while Malthus’ ideas were highly controversial in their day, they remain instrumental and relevant today.
The Essay on the Principle of Population remains one of the most important works of political economy. The most widely read edition was published in 1798. But a reprint in 1803 edited by Shannon C. Stimson includes essays that examine the work’s impact on modern economic theory. For example, Deborah Valenze discusses the implications of Malthus on nature, while Sir Anthony Wrigley focuses on the literature and influence of the population model.
His Theory Of Global Overpopulation
The theory of global overpopulation is based on the premise that it must control population growth. Malthus predicted that a natural population increase would outpace the agricultural output of a country, causing famines and other disasters. But overpopulation has not caused the demise of Western economies.
In the 1960s, the issue gained renewed interest when Paul Ehrlich’s book, The Population Bomb, revisited Malthus’ warning of overpopulation. Ehrlich uses the concept of finite resources of essay writers to argue for population control. His ideas are based on the principle that natural resources have finite limits, so human population growth should be restricted.
If human population growth exceeds the food supply, wars will be inevitable. If there is no way to control population growth, the world will become a famine. Fortunately, several positive and negative checks can help keep the world’s population within its safe level. Among them are wars and earthquakes.
His Arithmetical Ratio
Thomas Malthus first proposed the principle of population control in 1798. According to this theory, the population increases in arithmetical ratio to the means of subsistence. The proportion between food and population grows exponentially when the latter is not kept in check.
According to this theory, the population would reach the point where the available resources would no longer provide enough food for everyone to survive. Malthus used a geometric progression to illustrate the point. In the first part of the work, he showed that the population would double every fifteen years. In subsequent chapters, he used the arithmetic ratio to calculate the population growth rate.
Another essential fact about Malthus’ arithmetic ratio is that it will be impossible to increase food production without increasing the number of people living on the planet. This is because the total amount of land on earth is fixed, and increasing the amount of machinery will only increase output minimally. For example, adding three tractors to a seven-acre field would increase the number of people living there, but increasing the number to twenty-one million would not make much difference.
His Moral Restraint
Malthus contemplated moral restraint as a possible solution to the problem of overpopulation. His goal was to limit the number of people by contrasting vice with virtue. He argued that overpopulation would lead to misery and war. He also opposed social institutions such as marriage, which he viewed as evil.
While Malthus’ moral restraint is crucial to achieving sustainable growth, his pessimistic view also has a dark side. The hope that people can voluntarily de-populate the planet is misplaced, given human nature and industrial lock-in. It may even bring out the worst in humans.
Malthus’ theory is controversial because it argues that the human population increases geometrically, whereas food production increases arithmetically. As a result, many economists criticized the idea and disproved it.
The failure to address the problem of population growth is one of Malthus’ most significant failures. Instead, he was concerned with the issue of “gluts” and the consequent economic depression and recession. Unfortunately, Malthus was a century before John Maynard Keynes, and his colleagues made their discoveries.
Malthus observed that low-income families tended to have more children than they could feed, resulting in a wage drop. The resulting overpopulation also slowed food production, causing higher prices and misery. His remedies included using contraception and abortion to reduce the number of children in a family. He also argued for moral restraint and delaying marriage.
Increasing the number of people living in the world can be a good thing, but it should also be balanced with the amount of food available. When a country’s population exceeds the available food supply, famines and natural disasters will occur, and people will die. On the other hand, these natural calamities, which include famines, earthquakes, and floods, are positive checks that keep population growth in check.