PREVENTION OF RISKS OF EXPOSURE TO IONIZING RADIATION
LexInter | March 27, 2009 | 0 Comments

PREVENTION OF RISKS OF EXPOSURE TO IONIZING RADIATION

  • Chapter I Principles and implementing provisions
  • Section 1 Scope

    Article R. 4451-1  

    The provisions of this title apply, in compliance with the principles set out in Article L. 1333-1 of the Public Health Code , when workers are likely to be exposed to a risk due to ionizing radiation:
    1 ° Resulting from nuclear activities subject to an authorization or declaration regime in application of article L. 1333-4 of the public health code or nuclear activities concerning defense mentioned in III of article 2 of Law n ° 2006-686 of June 13, 2006 relating to nuclear transparency and security;
    2 ° Occurring during interventions mentioned in article L. 1333-1 of the public health code carried out in a radiological emergency or resulting from long-term exposure to ionizing radiation, as defined in application of 3 ° of article L. 1333-20 of the same code.

    Article R. 4451-2  

    The provisions of Chapter VII are applicable when the presence in the workplace of natural radionuclides, not used for their radioactive properties or of cosmic radiation, leads to a significant increase in the exposure of workers, compared to the natural level of radiation, of such as to affect their health.
    When the preventive measures provided for in Chapter VII do not make it possible to reduce the exposure of workers below the levels mentioned in this same chapter, the establishments concerned are then subject to the provisions of Chapters 1 to VI under the conditions specified in Articles R. 4457-13 and R. 4457-14.

    Article R. 4451-3  

    Only the provisions provided for in article R. 4453-10, relating to orphan sources, defined in article R. 1333-93 of the public health code , are applicable to establishments in which these sources are likely to be discovered. or manipulated.

    Article R. 4451-4  

    The provisions of this title apply to any self-employed worker, in accordance with the terms set out in article R. 4451-9, when there is a risk for himself or for other persons. exhibition mentioned in articles R. 4451-1 and R. 4451-2.

    Article R. 4451-5  

    The provisions of this title do not apply to exposure resulting from radionuclides naturally contained in the human body, cosmic radiation prevailing at ground level or radiation resulting from radionuclides present in the earth’s undisturbed crust.

    Article R. 4451-6  

    The Council of State decree determining the rules for preventing the risks of exposure to ionizing radiation provided for in Article L. 4451-2 is issued after consulting the Nuclear Safety Authority.

  • Section 2 Principles of radiation protection

    Article R. 4451-7  
    The employer takes the general administrative and technical measures, in particular with regard to work organization and working conditions, necessary to ensure the prevention of occupational accidents and occupational diseases likely to be caused by exposure to ionizing radiation. resulting from the activities or interventions mentioned in article R. 4451-1 as well as those mentioned in the second paragraph of article R. 4451-2.
    Article R. 4451-8  
    When the head of the user company brings in an outside company or a self-employed person, he ensures the general coordination of the preventive measures he takes and those taken by the head of the outside company or the self-employed person, in accordance with the provisions of Articles R. 4511-1 et seq.
    To this end, the head of the user company communicates to the person or department responsible for radiation protection, mentioned in Articles R. 4456-1 et seq., The information transmitted to him by the heads of external companies in application of the article R. 4511-10. He transmits the specific instructions applicable to radiation protection in the establishment to the heads of external companies who bring them to the attention of the persons competent in radiation protection that they have designated.
    Each company manager is responsible for applying the preventive measures necessary for the protection of the workers he employs, in particular, the supply, maintenance and control of personal protective devices and equipment and instruments. individual exposure measurements.
    Agreements may be concluded between the head of the user company and the heads of outside companies or self-employed workers concerning the provision of personal protective devices and equipment as well as instruments for measuring personal exposure.
    Article R. 4451-9  

    The self-employed person exercising an activity mentioned in article R. 4451-4 implements protective measures vis-à-vis himself and other people likely to be exposed to ionizing radiation by his activity.
    To this end, he takes the necessary steps to be medically monitored under the conditions provided for in Chapter IV.

    Article R. 4451-10  

    Individual and collective occupational exposures to ionizing radiation are kept below the limits prescribed by the provisions of this title at the lowest level that is reasonably possible.

    Article R. 4451-11  

    As part of the risk assessment, the employer, in collaboration, if necessary, with the head of the external company or the self-employed person, carries out a workstation analysis which is periodically renewed and ‘occasion for any change in conditions that may affect the health and safety of workers.
    During an operation taking place in the controlled area defined in article R. 4452-1, the employer:

    2 ° Has the person competent in radiation protection, appointed in application of article R. 4456-1, define collective and individual dose objectives for the operation set at the lowest possible level taking into account the state of the art and the nature of the operation to be carried out and, in any event, at a level not exceeding the limit values ​​set in Articles D. 4152-5, D. 4153-34, R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13. To this end, those responsible for the operation provide assistance to the person competent in radiation protection;
    3 ° Have the radiation doses actually received during the operation measured and analyzed in order to take measures ensuring compliance with the radiation protection principles set out in Article L. 1333-1 of the Public Health Code . When the technique permits, these measurements are carried out continuously to allow immediate reading of their results.

  • Section 3 Exposure limit values
    Article R. 4451-12  

    The sum of the effective doses received by external and internal exposure must not exceed 20 mSv over twelve consecutive months.

    Article R. 4451-13  
    The equivalent dose limits for the different parts of the body exposed are as follows:
    1 ° For the hands, forearms, feet and ankles, the exposure received during twelve consecutive months may not exceed 500 mSv;
    2 ° For the skin, the exposure received during twelve consecutive months may not exceed 500 mSv. This limit applies to the average dose over any area of ​​1 cm², regardless of the exposed area;
    3 ° For the lens of the eye, the exposure received during twelve consecutive months cannot exceed 150 mSv.
    Article R. 4451-14  

    The limits set out in Articles D. 4152-5, D. 4153-34, R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13 do not apply to the exposures suffered by workers as a result of the medical examinations to which they are subjected.

    Article R. 4451-15  

    The exposure limit values ​​set in Articles R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13 may be waived:
    1 ° During exceptional exposures, justified beforehand, to be carried out in certain work areas and for a limited period, subject to prior special authorization being obtained, compliance with the provisions of Chapter V and the scheduling of individual exhibitions, within the limit of a ceiling not exceeding twice the annual exposure limit value set at Articles R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13;
    2 ° During occupational exposures of persons intervening in a radiological emergency situation defined in application of 3 ° of article L. 1333-20 of the public health code , subject to compliance with the provisions of chapter V relating to abnormal work situations and the programming of individual exposures on the basis of reference exposure levels set in application of the aforementioned provisions of the Public Health Code. Exceeding these reference levels may exceptionally be allowed in the context of relief operations aimed at saving human lives for voluntary workers informed of the risk involved in their intervention.

    Article R. 4451-16  

    The methods for calculating the effective dose and equivalent doses are defined by decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority approved by the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture.
    In the specific case of nuclear activities defined in 1 ° of article R. 4451-1, and when knowledge of the exposure parameters allows a more precise estimate, other methods can be used as soon as they are have been approved by decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority approved by the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture and that they have been submitted for opinion to the health, safety and working conditions committee or, failing that , to staff representatives.

    Article R. 4451-17  
    With regard to external exposure, the reference measurement used to verify compliance with the limit values ​​is based on the dosimetry mentioned in 1 ° of article R. 4453-19.
    When the results of passive dosimetry and operational dosimetry, mentioned in article R. 4453-24, are not consistent, the occupational physician determines the dose received by the worker by having recourse, if necessary, to the technical or methodological support from the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.
    • Chapter II Technical arrangement of work premises
  • Section 1 Supervised zone and controlled zone
    Article R. 4452-1  

    After carrying out a risk assessment and obtaining the opinion of the person competent in radiation protection mentioned in article R. 4456-1, the employer who owns, in any capacity whatsoever, a source of ionizing radiation delimits , in view of the information provided by the source supplier, around the source:
    1 ° A supervised area, when workers are likely to receive, under normal working conditions, an effective dose exceeding 1 mSv per year or indeed an equivalent dose exceeding one tenth of one of the limits set in article R. 4451-13;
    2 ° A controlled area when the workers are likely to receive, under normal working conditions, an effective dose of 6 mSv per year or an equivalent dose exceeding three tenths of one of the limits set in article R . 4451-13.

    Article R. 4452-2  

    Access to the controlled area is reserved for persons to whom the notice provided for in article R. 4453-9 has been given.
    Rest rooms cannot be included in the controlled area.

    Article R. 4452-3  

    Inside the controlled area and when the exposure is likely to exceed certain levels set by a decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority taken in application of article R. 4452-11, the employer takes all measures to that specially regulated or prohibited zones are delimited.
    These areas are subject to separate signage and specific access rules.

    Article R. 4452-4  

    The employer ensures that the controlled area or the supervised area is always properly delimited.
    It makes, if necessary, the necessary modifications to the delimitation of the zone in view of the results of the checks carried out in application of articles R. 4452-12 and R. 4452-13 and after any modification made to the installation, to its mode of use or that of sources, equipment or shielding, as well as after any incident or accident.

    Article R. 4452-5  

    The employer records, in the single risk assessment document, the results of the risk assessment selected to delimit the supervised or controlled areas.

    Article R. 4452-6  
    Inside the monitored and controlled areas, the sources of ionizing radiation are indicated and the risks of external and, where applicable, internal exposure are the subject of a display that is updated periodically.
    This display also includes the work instructions adapted to the nature of the exhibition and to the operations envisaged.
    Article R. 4452-7  

    In areas where there is a risk of internal exposure, the employer takes all appropriate measures to avoid any risk of the dispersion of radioactive substances inside and outside the area.

    Article R. 4452-8  
    Operations carried out in supervised or controlled areas are carried out under the conditions defined in section 6 of chapter 3.
    Article R. 4452-9  

    In supervised and controlled areas where a risk of contamination exists, the employer ensures that workers do not eat, drink or smoke and comply with the appropriate personal hygiene rules.

    Article R. 4452-10  

    An order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority, and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, establishes for the supervised and controlled areas:
    1 ° The conditions of delimitation and signaling;
    2 ° The rules of hygiene, safety and maintenance which are applicable there;
    3 ° The rules governing access;
    4 ° The rules relating to posting provided for in article R. 4452-6.

    Article R. 4452-11  

    A decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority, approved by the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, specifies:
    1 ° The exposure parameters making it possible to verify compliance with the dose values ​​set in 1 ° and 2 ° of the article R. 4452-1 as well as the levels mentioned in article R. 4452-3 taking into account in particular the dose rates and radioactive contamination;
    2 ° The material characteristics of the zone boundaries.

  • Section 2 Technical controls
    • Sub-section 1 Sources, devices emitting ionizing radiation, protection and alarm devices and measuring instruments

      Article R. 4452-12  

      The employer carries out or has carried out a technical radiation protection check of the sources and devices emitting ionizing radiation, the protection and alarm devices as well as the measuring instruments used.
      This technical inspection includes, in particular:
      1 ° An inspection on receipt in the company;
      2 ° A check before the first use;
      3 ° A control when the conditions of use are modified;
      4 ° Periodic control of sources and devices emitting ionizing radiation;
      5 ° A periodic check of the operational dosimeters mentioned in article R. 4453-24 and of the measuring instruments used for the checks provided for in this article and in article R. 4452-13, which includes a check of their proper functioning and their correct use;
      6 ° A control in the event of permanent termination of employment for unsealed sources.

    • Sub-section 2 Work environment
      Article R. 4452-13  

      In order to allow the evaluation of the external and internal exposure of workers, the employer carries out or has carried out technical environmental controls.
      These checks include in particular:
      1 ° In the event of a risk of external exposure, measurement of the external dose rates with an indication of the characteristics of the radiation in question;
      2 ° In the event of a risk of internal exposure, measurements of the concentration of activity in the air and of the contamination of surfaces with
      When these checks are not carried out continuously, their frequency is defined in accordance with a decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority taken in application of article R. 4452-17.

    • Sub-section 3 Organization of controls
      Article R. 4452-14  

      The technical inspections mentioned in articles R. 4452-12 and R. 4452-13 are carried out by the person or the department competent in radiation protection mentioned in article R. 4456-1 et seq.

      Article R. 4452-15  

      Regardless of the checks carried out in application of article R. 4452-14, the employer has them carried out periodically, by an approved body mentioned in article R. 1333-95 of the public health code or by the Radiation Protection Institute. and nuclear safety, to controls of sources and devices emitting ionizing radiation mentioned in 4 ° of article R. 4452-12 and to environmental controls mentioned in article R. 4452-13.

      Article R. 4452-16  

      The employer can entrust the checks mentioned in articles R. 4452-12 and R. 4452-13:
      1 ° Either to an approved body mentioned in article R. 1333-95 of the public health code , different from the one carrying out the checks mentioned in article R. 4452-15;
      2 ° Or at the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.

      Article R. 4452-17  

      A decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority, approved by the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, specifies the technical methods and the frequency of the checks provided for in subsections 1 and 2, taking into account the nature of the activity. exercise and the characteristics of the devices and sources used.

    • Sub-section 4 Exploitation of the results

      Article R. 4452-18  
      The inspections of the bodies mentioned in article R. 4452-15 are the subject of written reports, mentioning the date and nature of the verifications, the names and qualities of the person (s) who carried them out as well as any non-conformities. raised.
      These reports are sent to the employer, who keeps them for at least ten years.
      They are made available to the labor inspector.
      Article R. 4452-19  

      In the event of a finding of non-compliance likely to lead to worker exposure beyond the dose limits provided for in Articles D. 4152-5, D. 4153-34, R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13, the body that carried out the checks mentioned in article R. 4452-15 immediately informs the employer, who takes all appropriate measures to remedy this situation.
      The employer informs the health, safety and working conditions committee or, failing that, the staff representatives, the labor inspector and, as the case may be, the Nuclear Safety Authority or the delegate for nuclear safety and radiation protection for the activities and installations of interest to defense mentioned in article R. * 1411-7 of the defense code .
      A decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority, approved by the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, defines the cases of non-compliance mentioned, taking into account the nature and extent of the risk. It specifies, where applicable, that the documents relating to these cases may be kept for a period exceeding ten years.

      Article R. 4452-20  

      The results of the checks provided for in sub-sections 1 and 2 are recorded in the single risk assessment document with:
      1 ° An updated statement of the sources and devices emitting ionizing radiation used or stored in the establishment;
      2 ° Information concerning the modifications made to each source or emitting device or protection device;
      3 ° The observations made by the organizations mentioned in article R. 4452-15 following an inspection.

  • Section 3 Records of sources and devices emitting ionizing radiation

    Article R. 4452-21  
    The employer sends, at least once a year, a copy of the updated list of sources and devices emitting ionizing radiation used or stored in the establishment to the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, which centralizes and keeps them. for at least ten years.
    Article R. 4452-22  

    In compliance with the requirements related to national defense, the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety keeps records of sources and devices emitting ionizing radiation available to the labor inspector and the inspectors and agents mentioned in the article R. 4456-27.
    It transmits, with regard to nuclear activities subject to an authorization or declaration regime in application of Article L. 1333-4 of the Public Health Code, at least once a year, to the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture as well as to the Nuclear Safety Authority, a list of the establishments concerned and the sources they hold.

  • Section 4 Collective and individual protection

    Article R. 4452-23  
    The employer defines the collective protection measures adapted to the nature of the exposure likely to be suffered by the exposed workers.
    The definition of these measures takes into account the other occupational risk factors likely to appear in the workplace, in particular when their combined effects are likely to worsen the effects of exposure to ionizing radiation.
    It is carried out after consultation with the person competent in radiation protection mentioned in article R. 4456-1, the occupational physician and the health, safety and working conditions committee or, failing that, the staff representatives.
    Article R. 4452-24  
    When exposure cannot be avoided and the application of individual protective measures makes it possible to reduce the individual doses received to a level as low as reasonably possible, the employer, after consulting the persons mentioned in article R. 4452 -23, defines these measures and implements them.
    Article R. 4452-25  

    When choosing personal protective equipment, the employer obtains the opinion of the occupational physician and takes into account the constraints and risks inherent in wearing them.
    The occupational physician determines the maximum time during which this equipment can be worn continuously.

    Article R. 4452-26  

    The heads of external companies determine the means of individual protection for their own workers, taking into account the measures provided for in the prevention plan established in application of article R. 4512-6.

    • Chapter III Condition of employment and monitoring of exposed workers
  • Section 1 Categories of workers

    Article R. 4453-1  
    In order to determine the conditions under which radiological and medical surveillance are carried out, workers likely to receive, under usual working conditions, an effective dose greater than 6 mSv per year or an equivalent dose greater than three tenths of the limits annual exposure fixed in article R. 4451-13, are classified by the employer in category A, after opinion of the occupational physician.
    Article R. 4453-2  

    Pregnant women and young workers mentioned in articles D. 4152-5 and D. 4153-34 cannot be assigned to work which requires classification in category A.

    Article R. 4453-3  

    Workers exposed to ionizing radiation not falling within category A are classified in category B when they are subjected, in the course of their professional activity, to exposure to ionizing radiation liable to result in doses greater than one dose limits set in article R. 1333-8 of the public health code .

  • Section 2 Training
    Article R. 4453-4  

    Workers likely to work in supervised areas, controlled areas or in the workplaces of establishments mentioned in the second paragraph of article R. 4451-2 benefit from radiation protection training organized by the employer.
    This training covers:
    1 ° The risks associated with exposure to ionizing radiation;
    2 ° The general radiation protection procedures implemented in the establishment;
    3 ° The rules of prevention and protection set by the provisions of this title.
    The training is adapted to the particular radiation protection procedures affecting the workstation occupied as well as to the rules of conduct to be followed in the event of an abnormal situation.

    Article R. 4453-5  

    When workers are likely to be exposed to high activity sources as mentioned in Article R. 1333-33 of the Public Health Code , training is reinforced, in particular on aspects relating to safety and possible consequences of losing adequate source control.

    Article R. 4453-6  

    For pregnant women and young workers mentioned in articles D. 4152-5 and D. 4153-34, the training takes into account the specific prevention rules applicable to them.

    Article R. 4453-7  

    The training is renewed periodically and at least every three years.
    It is also renewed whenever necessary in the cases and under the conditions set out in Articles R. 4141-9 and R. 4141-15.

  • Section 3 Information

    Article R. 4453-8  

    The employer brings to the attention of each worker called upon to intervene in a supervised area, in a controlled area or in the workplaces of the establishments mentioned in the second paragraph of article R. 4451-2 the name and contact details of the persons competent in radiation protection.

    Article R. 4453-9  

    The employer gives each worker, before any operation in a controlled area, a notice reminding them of the specific risks associated with the position held or the operation to be performed, the applicable safety rules, as well as the instructions to be followed in the event of a situation. abnormal.

    Article R. 4453-10  

    In the establishments mentioned in article R. 4451-3, in particular in installations intended for the recovery or recycling of metals, in incineration centers, in technical landfill centers and in places characterized by significant flows of transport and movement of goods, the employer informs workers about the possible discovery of an orphan source defined in article R. 1333-93 of the public health code .
    This information is accompanied by advice and training on the visual detection of these sources and their containers, on ionizing radiation and its effects as well as on the measures to be taken on the site in the event of detection and suspicion concerning the presence of such a source.

  • Section 4 Certificate of proficiency in handling industrial radiology equipment

    Article R. 4453-11  

    Only persons holding a certificate of competence may handle industrial radiology devices appearing on a list established by a decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority approved by the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture.
    This list takes into account the nature of the activity carried out, the characteristics and, where applicable, the methods of implementation of the device.

    Article R. 4453-12  

    The certificate of aptitude for handling industrial radiography equipment is issued by the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.

    Article R. 4453-13  

    An order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, determines:
    1 ° The content and duration of the training of the workers concerned , taking into account the nature of the activity carried out and the characteristics of the devices used;
    2 ° The qualification of the persons responsible for the training;
    3 ° The methods of checking knowledge;
    4 ° The conditions for issuing and renewing the certificate of competence;
    5 ° The period of validity of this certificate.

  • Section 5 Exhibition sheet

    Article R. 4453-14  

    The employer draws up an exposure sheet for each worker including the following information:
    1 ° The nature of the work performed;
    2 ° The characteristics of the emitting sources to which the worker is exposed;
    3 ° The nature of ionizing radiation;
    4 ° The periods of exposure;
    5 ° Other risks or nuisances of physical, chemical, biological or organizational origin at the workstation.

    Article R. 4453-15  

    In the event of abnormal exposure, the employer records the duration and nature of the exposure on the exposure sheet.

    Article R. 4453-16  

    A copy of the exposure sheet is given to the occupational physician.
    It is communicated, on request, to the labor inspectorate.

    Article R. 4453-17  

    Each interested worker is informed of the existence of the exposure sheet and has access to the information contained therein concerning him.

    Article R. 4453-18  

    Without prejudice to the measures taken in application of article L. 4614-9, the information mentioned in this section is listed by workstation and made available to the members of the health, safety and working conditions committee. or, failing that, staff representatives.

  • Section 6 Individual monitoring of workers’ exposure to ionizing radiation
    • Sub-section 1 Reference dosimetric monitoring

      Article R. 4453-19  

      Each worker called upon to perform an operation in a supervised area, in a controlled area or in the workplaces of the establishments mentioned in the second paragraph of article R. 4451-2 is subject to dosimetric monitoring adapted to the mode of exposure. :
      1 ° When the exposure is external, dosimetric monitoring is carried out by individual measurements, called passive dosimetry;
      2 ° When the exposure is internal, dosimetric monitoring is ensured by anthroporadiometry measurements or radio-toxicology analyzes;
      3 ° When the exposure is linked to the natural radioactivity mentioned in Chapter VII, dosimetric monitoring is carried out in accordance with the procedures defined by the order provided for in article R. 4457-14.

      Article R. 4453-20  

      In the event that one of the exposure limit values ​​set in articles D. 4152-5, D. 4153-34, R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13 is exceeded, the occupational physician and the employer in are immediately informed by one of the bodies responsible for monitoring workers’ exposure to ionizing radiation mentioned in article R. 4453-21.
      The occupational physician informs the employee concerned.

      Article R. 4453-21  

      The measurements or calculations of external or internal exposure provided for in Article R. 4453-19 are carried out by one of the following organizations:
      1 ° The Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety;
      2 ° An occupational health service holding an accreditation certificate;
      3 ° A body or a medical biology analysis laboratory holding an accreditation certificate and approved by the Nuclear Safety Authority.

      Article R. 4453-22  

      The silence kept for more than four months, from the receipt of a request for approval, in application of 3 ° of article R. 4453-21 by the administration, constitutes a decision of rejection.

      Article R. 4453-23  

      The Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety checks the quality of internal and external exposure measurements carried out by the organizations mentioned in 2 ° and 3 ° of article R. 4453-21.

    • Sub-section 2 Operational dosimetric monitoring

      Article R. 4453-24  

      Any worker called upon to carry out an operation in a controlled area or in the workplaces of the establishments mentioned in the second paragraph of article R. 4451-2 is subject, due to external exposure, to monitoring by dosimetry. operational.
      When the exposure is linked to the natural radioactivity mentioned in chapter VII, dosimetric monitoring is carried out according to the methods defined by the order provided for in article R. 4457-14.

    • Sub-section 3 Communication and use of dosimetric results

      Article R. 4453-25  

      The results of the dosimetry mentioned in sub-sections 1 and 2 are periodically communicated to the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety by:
      1 ° The organizations mentioned in article R. 4453-21, with regard to the reference dosimetry ;
      2 ° The person competent in radiation protection mentioned in Articles R. 4456-1 et seq., With regard to operational dosimetry.

      Article R. 4453-26  

      In their nominative form, the results of the dosimetric monitoring and the effective doses received are communicated to the worker concerned as well as to the doctor appointed for this purpose by the latter and, in the event of death or incapacity, to his beneficiaries.
      They are also communicated to the occupational physician to whom he reports and, where applicable, to the occupational physician of the establishment in which he works.
      In view of these results, the occupational physician may prescribe, for the purposes of medical surveillance, the examinations he considers necessary and, in the event of internal exposure, anthroporadiometric examinations or radiotoxicological analyzes and may suggest to the employer individual measures under Article L. 4624-1.

      Article R. 4453-27  

      The employer receives notification of the nominal results of the operational dosimetry implemented in the establishment. It preserves the confidentiality of this information.

      Article R. 4453-28  

      For the purposes of carrying out the forecast assessment and defining the objectives provided for in 2 ° of article R. 4451-11, before carrying out operations in the controlled or supervised area, the person competent in radiation protection, mentioned in Article R. 4456-1, requests communication of the effective doses received in nominative form over a reference period not exceeding the last twelve months.

      Article R. 4453-29  

      When, in particular during or following an operation, the person competent in radiation protection considers, in view of the effective doses received, that a worker is likely to receive subsequently, having regard to the nature of the work entrusted to him, of doses exceeding the limit values ​​set in Articles R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13, it immediately informs the employer and the occupational physician.
      The latter then informs the worker concerned.

      Article R. 4453-30  

      Labor inspection officers as well as the officers mentioned in article R. 4456-27, if they so request, have access, in their nominative form, to the effective doses received by the workers as well as to the passive dosimetry and operational dosimetry results.

      Article R. 4453-31  

      Under the evaluation and prevention measures provided for in Article L. 4121-2, the employer may, in a form that excludes any identification of workers, be aware of the results of passive dosimetry and operational dosimetry and use them or properly use them for statistical purposes without time limit.
      The labor inspectorate may request communication of these statistics.

    • Sub-section 4 Implementing provisions

      Article R. 4453-32  

      A joint order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, sets for the application of subsections 1 and 2:
      1 ° The terms and conditions for implementing individual dosimetric monitoring;
      2 ° The deadlines, frequencies and material resources implemented, relating to access to the information collected and to the transmission thereof.

      Article R. 4453-33  

      A joint order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, sets the conditions for issuing the accreditation certificate mentioned in the article R. 4453-21 as well as the conditions and procedures for issuing the authorization provided for in this same article.

  • Section 7 Measures to be taken in the event of exceeding the limit values

    Article R. 4453-34  

    In the event that one of the limit values ​​set in articles D. 4152-5, D. 4153-34, R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13 has been exceeded, the employer shall inform the committee of this excess. health, safety and working conditions or, failing that, the staff representatives and the labor inspector.
    It specifies the presumed causes, the circumstances and the measures envisaged to avoid the renewal of this overrun.
    The employer also informs, as the case may be, the Nuclear Safety Authority under the conditions provided for in article R. 4455-7 or the nuclear safety and radiation protection delegate for activities and installations involving defense.

    Article R. 4453-35  

    In the cases provided for in article R. 4453-34, the occupational physician takes any measures he deems useful.
    Any subsequent exposure of the worker concerned requires his opinion.

    Article R. 4453-36  

    During the period when the dose received remains above one of the limit values, the worker benefits from the medical surveillance measures applicable to workers in category A and provided for in articles R. 4454-3 to R. 4454-6 and R 4454-10.
    During this period, he may not be assigned to work exposing him to ionizing radiation except in the event of a radiological emergency.

    Article R. 4453-37  

    During the period when the dose received remains above one of the limit values, if the worker has a fixed-term employment contract or a temporary employment contract, he cannot be assigned, during the extension of the contract provided for in article L. 1243-12 or during the execution of the contract (s) provided for in article L. 1251-34, to work exposing it to ionizing radiation except in the event of a radiological emergency.

    Article R. 4453-38  

    Without prejudice to the application of the measures defined in this section, when the exceeding of one of the limit values ​​results from unplanned working conditions, the person competent in radiation protection, under the responsibility of the employer, takes measures to :
    1 ° Cease as soon as possible the causes of the overrun, including, if necessary, by suspending the work in question;
    2 ° Proceed or have the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety proceed within forty-eight hours after the observation of the exceedance under study of the circumstances in which it occurred;
    3 ° Have the equivalent doses received by workers evaluated and their distribution in the body;
    4 ° To study or have studied by the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety the measures to be taken to remedy any defect and prevent its possible renewal;
    5 ° Carry out the checks provided for in article R. 4452-15.

    • Chapter IV Medical surveillance
  • Section 1 Medical examinations

    Article R. 4454-1  

    A worker may only be assigned to work exposing him to ionizing radiation after having undergone a medical examination by the occupational physician and provided that the medical aptitude sheet established by the latter certifies that ‘it does not present any medical contraindication to this work.
    This sheet indicates the date of the workstation study and the date of the last update of the company sheet.

    Article R. 4454-2  

    The worker or the employer can contest the mentions of the medical aptitude form within fifteen days of its issuance.
    The dispute is brought before the labor inspector. The latter decides after the assent of the medical inspector of work, who can have additional examinations carried out, at the employer’s expense, by specialists of his choice.

    Article R. 4454-3  

    Workers classified in category A or B in application of articles R. 4453-1 and R. 4453-3 are subject to reinforced medical surveillance.
    They benefit from a medical examination at least once a year which includes a general clinical examination and, depending on the nature of the exposure, one or more additional specialized examinations which the occupational physician performs or has performed.
    These examinations are the responsibility of the employer.

    Article R. 4454-4  

    As part of the medical surveillance of workers, the occupational physician receives the results of all the measures or checks he deems relevant to assess the state of health of the workers.

    Article R. 4454-5  

    After any internal or external exposure occurring in the situations defined in Articles R. 4451-15 and R. 4453-34, the occupational physician establishes a dosimetric assessment of this exposure and an assessment of its effects on each exposed worker.
    If necessary, it calls on the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.

    Article R. 4454-6  

    A joint order of the ministers responsible for labor, health and agriculture defines the recommendations and technical instructions addressed to the occupational physician and specifies the procedures for additional specialist examinations.

  • Section 2 Individual file

    Article R. 4454-7  

    The occupational physician draws up and keeps, for each exposed worker, an individual file containing:
    1 ° The duplicate of the exposure sheet provided for in article R. 4453-14;
    2 ° The dates and results of the dosimetric monitoring of individual exposure to ionizing radiation, the effective doses received as well as the dates of abnormal exposure and the doses received during these exposures;
    3 ° The dates and results of the additional medical examinations carried out in application of article R. 4454-3.

    Article R. 4454-8  

    The individual file of the worker is communicated, at his request, to the medical inspector of work and can be sent, with the agreement of the worker, to the doctor chosen by the latter.

    Article R. 4454-9  

    The individual file is kept for at least fifty years after the end of the exhibition period.
    If the establishment disappears or if the worker changes establishment, the entire file is sent to the labor inspector, who is responsible for sending it, at the worker’s request, to the industrial doctor. now competent.

  • Section 3 Medical follow-up card

    Article R. 4454-10  

    An individual medical monitoring card is issued by the occupational physician to all category A or B workers.
    The data contained in this card is sent to the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.

    Article R. 4454-11  

    A joint order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, fixes:
    1 ° The content of the individual medical monitoring card;
    2 ° The modalities of its issuance as well as the transmission, to the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, of the data it contains.

    • Chapter V Abnormal work situations
  • Section 1 Special authorizations and radiological emergencies

    Article R. 4455-1  

    Exposures subject to special authorization in application of article R. 4451-15 can only take place after the agreement of the labor inspector.
    Requests for special authorization are accompanied by:
    1 ° Useful justifications;
    2 ° Information relating to the programming of foreseeable dose ceilings and the work schedule;
    3 ° Opinions from the occupational physician, the health, safety and working conditions committee or, failing that, the staff representatives and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.

    Article R. 4455-2  

    The labor inspector makes his decision known to the employer and, if applicable, to the staff representatives, within fifteen days of the date of receipt of the request for special authorization.
    It informs, as the case may be, the Nuclear Safety Authority or the nuclear safety and radiation protection delegate for activities and installations of interest to defense.

    Article R. 4455-3  

    Work or operations exposing to ionizing radiation in situations subject to special authorization or radiological emergency defined in article R. 4451-15 can only be entrusted to workers:
    1 ° Belonging to category A defined in l article R. 4453-1;
    2 ° Not presenting any medical incapacity;
    3 ° Having been entered on a list previously drawn up for this purpose;
    4 ° having received appropriate information on the risks and precautions to be taken during the work or operation;
    5 ° Not having received, in the preceding twelve months, a dose greater than one of the annual limit values ​​set in Articles R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13 for exposures subject to special authorization.

    Article R. 4455-4  

    Only volunteer workers can carry out the work or operations planned in radiological emergency situations. For this purpose, they have individual dosimetry resources adapted to the situation.

  • Section 2 Measures in the event of an accident

    Article R. 4455-5  
    The employer sets up his facilities and takes all necessary measures so that, in the event of an accident:
    1 ° The workers can be quickly evacuated from the work premises;
    2 ° Exposed workers can, when their condition warrants it, receive appropriate care as quickly as possible;
    3 ° The controls making it possible to prevent a risk of contamination are implemented.
    Article R. 4455-6  

    The employer sets up a safety team, equipped with specific equipment, responsible for implementing prevention and intervention measures in the event of an accident in establishments in which are located:
    1 ° Either one or more nuclear installations basic as defined in III of article 28 of law n ° 2006-686 of June 13, 2006 relating to transparency and safety in nuclear matters;
    2 ° Or a basic nuclear installation mentioned in article R. * 1333-40 of the defense code .

  • Section 3 Significant event declaration

    Article R. 4455-7  

    With regard to nuclear activities subject to an authorization or declaration regime in application of Article L. 1333-4 of the Public Health Code , the employer declares any significant event that has led or is likely to lead to exceeding one of the limit values ​​set in articles D. 4152-5, D. 4153-34, R. 4451-12 and R. 4451-13 at the Nuclear Safety Authority.
    The employer analyzes these events in order to prevent future events.

    Article R. 4455-8  

    A decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority, approved by the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, sets the criteria defining the significant event as well as the criteria for the declaration and management of these events by the employer, taking into account the nature and extent of the risk.

    Article R. 4455-9  

    The Nuclear Safety Authority centralizes and verifies the information relating to the significant events declared and keeps it at the disposal of the labor inspector.

    Article R. 4455-10  

    The Nuclear Safety Authority sends an assessment of employers’ declarations, at least once a year, to the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture.

    • Chapter VI Organization of radiation protection
  • Section 1 Person competent in radiation protection
    • Sub-section 1 Designation

      Article R. 4456-1  

      The employer appoints at least one person competent in radiation protection when the presence, handling, use or storage of a sealed or unsealed radioactive source or of an electric generator of ionizing radiation entails a risk of exposure for workers. workers of the establishment as well as those of outside companies or self-employed workers working in this establishment.

      Article R. 4456-2  

      In establishments in which workers are exposed to natural radioactivity, mentioned in the second paragraph of article R. 4451-2, the employer appoints a person competent in radiation protection under the conditions set out in article R. 4456-1. .

      Article R. 4456-3  

      In establishments comprising at least one basic nuclear installation mentioned in Article R. 4455-6 as well as in establishments comprising an installation or an activity subject to authorization in application of Title 1 of Book V of the Environment Code or of article L. 1333-4 of the public health code , the person competent in radiation protection is chosen from among the workers of the establishment.
      When, taking into account the nature of the activity and the extent of the risk, several persons competent in radiation protection are appointed, they are grouped together within an internal service, called the service competent in radiation protection, separate from the production and operational services of the establishment.

      Article R. 4456-4  

      In establishments other than those mentioned in article R. 4456-3, the employer may appoint a person competent in radiation protection external to the establishment who performs his duties under the conditions set, taking into account the nature of the activity and the the extent of the risk, by a decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority approved by the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture.

      Article R. 4456-5  

      The person competent in radiation protection, internal or external, is appointed by the employer after consulting the health, safety and working conditions committee or, failing that, the staff representatives.

      Article R. 4456-6  

      The person competent in radiation protection holds a certificate issued at the end of radiation protection training given by persons whose qualifications are certified by accredited bodies.

      Article R. 4456-7  

      A joint order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, determines:
      1 ° The content and duration of worker training interested parties, taking into account the nature of the activity carried out and the characteristics of the sources of ionizing radiation used;
      2 ° The qualification of the persons responsible for the training;
      3 ° The methods of checking knowledge;
      4 ° The technical conditions for issuing and renewing the certificate;
      5 ° The validity period of the certificate;
      6 ° The terms and conditions for accreditation of the certification bodies mentioned in article R. 4456-6.

    • Sub-section 2 Missions

      Article R. 4456-8  

      The person competent in radiation protection is consulted on the delimitation of the supervised or controlled areas and on the definition of the specific rules which apply to them.

      Article R. 4456-9  

      The person competent in radiation protection participates in the definition and implementation of safety training for exposed workers, organized in application of article R. 4453-4.

      Article R. 4456-10  

      Under the responsibility of the employer and in conjunction with the health, safety and working conditions committee or, failing that, with the staff representatives, the person competent in radiation protection:
      1 ° Participates in the preparation of the declaration or authorization request provided for in Article L. 1333-4 of the Public Health Code
      2 ° Carry out a preliminary assessment to identify the nature and extent of the risk incurred by exposed workers. To this end, the people supervising the works or operations provide assistance;
      3 ° Defines, after carrying out this assessment, the appropriate protection measures to be implemented. It checks their relevance in view of the results of technical controls and operational dosimetry as well as the effective doses received.
      4 ° Identifies the situations or working methods likely to justify exposure subject to the issuance of the special authorization required in application of article R. 4451-15, defines the collective and individual dose objectives for each operation and ‘ensure their implementation;
      5 ° Defines the necessary means required in the event of an abnormal situation.

      Article R. 4456-11  

      When an operation involves a risk of exposure to ionizing radiation for workers from outside companies or for non-salaried workers, the head of the user company involves the person competent in radiation protection in the definition and implementation. the general coordination of the preventive measures provided for in article R. 4451-8.
      As such, the person competent in radiation protection appointed by the head of the user company makes all useful contacts with the persons competent in radiation protection that the heads of outside companies are required to designate.

    • Sub-section 3 Means
      Article R. 4456-12  

      The employer places at the disposal of the competent person and, where there is one, the competent radiation protection service, the means necessary for the performance of his duties.
      He ensures that the organization of the establishment allows them to exercise their missions in complete independence, in particular vis-à-vis the production departments.
      When the employer designates several competent persons, he specifies the extent of their respective responsibilities.

  • Section 2 Participation of the occupational physician
    Article R. 4456-13  

    The occupational physician collaborates in the action of the person competent in radiation protection.

    Article R. 4456-14  

    The occupational physician assists the employer in establishing and updating the exposure sheet provided for in article R. 4453-14.

    Article R. 4456-15  

    The occupational physician participates in informing workers about the potential health risks of exposure to ionizing radiation as well as other risk factors likely to aggravate them.
    He also participates in the development of the safety training provided for in article R. 4453-4.

    Article R. 4456-16  

    The occupational physician can make any proposal to the employer as to the choice of personal protective equipment, taking into account their terms of use.

  • Section 3 Information of the health, safety and working conditions committee

    Article R. 4456-17  

    The health, safety and working conditions committee or, failing that, the staff representatives, receives from the employer:
    1 ° At least once a year, a statistical report of the technical environmental controls and monitoring dosimetry provided for in Articles R. 4452-20 and R. 4453-19 allowing the development of internal and external exposure of workers to be assessed;
    2 ° Information concerning situations where one of the limit values ​​is exceeded as well as the measures taken to remedy them;
    3 ° Information concerning the exceedances observed in relation to the collective and individual dose objectives mentioned in 2 ° of article R. 4451-11.

    Article R. 4456-18  

    The health, safety and working conditions committee or, failing that, the staff representatives, has access to:
    1 ° The results of the checks provided for in Articles R. 4452-12 and R. 4452-13;
    2 ° The results, in non-nominative form, of the evaluations of the doses received by the workers provided for in Sections 1 to 3 of Chapter VII.

    Article R. 4456-19  

    The health, safety and working conditions committee or, failing that, the staff representatives, receives, at its request, communication of the organizational measures taken by the employer concerning the supervised or controlled areas.

  • Section 4 Work subject to a qualification certificate

    Article R. 4456-20  

    Companies which carry out maintenance work, intervention work or use devices emitting ionizing radiation can only carry out the activities appearing on a list fixed by decree after having obtained a qualification certificate justifying their capacity to perform work under ionizing radiation.
    This certificate can specify the sector of activity in which they are authorized to operate.

    Article R. 4456-21  

    Temporary employment companies which make workers available to carry out the work mentioned in article R. 4456-20 are subject to the obligations of this same article.

    Article R. 4456-22  
    A joint order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, determines:
    1 ° The terms and conditions for accreditation of the bodies responsible certification;
    2 ° The terms and conditions for the certification of companies mentioned in article R. 4456-20, taking into account their technical skills and the sector of activity in which they may operate;
    3 ° The list of activities or categories of activity for which this certification is required, taking into account the nature and importance of the risk.
  • Section 5 Participation of the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety

    Article R. 4456-23  

    For the performance of the mission of participating in the permanent monitoring of radiation protection entrusted to it by Decree No. 2002-254 of February 22, 2002 relating to the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, and in particular the management and use of dosimetric data concerning workers, as well as in application of article 4 of law n ° 2006-686 of 13 June 2006 relating to transparency and safety in nuclear matters, the Institute radiation protection and nuclear safety:
    1 ° Centralizes, verifies and keeps for at least fifty years all the results of the individual measurements of the exposure of workers mentioned in section 6 of chapter 3 as well as the data contained in the individual medical monitoring card mentioned in article R. 4454-10, with a view to using them for statistical or epidemiological purposes;
    2 ° Receive the results of the evaluations carried out in application of sections 1 to 3 of chapter VII;
    3 Keeps available to the labor inspectorate as well as to the agents mentioned in article R. 4456-27 all the results of individual measurements of workers’ exposure to ionizing radiation.

    Article R. 4456-24  

    In compliance with national defense requirements, the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety can communicate the results to study and research organizations with which it concludes an agreement.
    It publishes the conclusions of the studies carried out. These organizations operate them in accordance with the provisions of Chapter IX of Law No. 78-17 of January 6, 1978 relating to information technology, files and freedoms.

    Article R. 4456-25  

    The Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety ensures compliance with the rules of confidentiality with regard to access to the information mentioned in section 6 of chapter 3 in their nominative form.

    Article R. 4456-26  

    The Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety reports in an annual report sent to the Minister responsible for labor and agriculture as well as, as the case may be, to the Nuclear Safety Authority or to the delegate for nuclear safety and radiation protection for defense-related activities and installations:
    1 ° Difficulties encountered in radiological monitoring of workers;
    2 ° The levels of exposure to ionizing radiation of workers, taking into account in particular the nature of the professional activities.

  • Section 6 Control

    Article R. 4456-27  

    The employer makes available to the radiation protection inspectors mentioned in article L. 1333-17 of the public health code , the agents mentioned in article L. 1333-18 of the same code and the agents of the prevention of social security bodies all information and documents to which the labor inspector has access.

    Article R. 4456-28  

    The employer communicates, at their request and for the installations for which they are responsible, to the inspectors of installations classified for the protection of the environment the list of sources and devices emitting ionizing radiation provided for in article R. 4452- 20.

    • Chapter VII Rules applicable in the event of occupational exposure linked to natural radioactivity
  • Section 1 Exposure resulting from the use or storage of materials containing naturally occurring radionuclides

    Article R. 4457-1  

    When in an establishment are used or stored materials, not used because of their radioactive properties, but naturally containing radionuclides, or are produced from residues from these materials, the employer carries out an assessment of the doses received by the workers. by resorting to measures the technical methods of which are defined by joint order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.

    Article R. 4457-2  

    The employer communicates the results of the assessment of the doses received to the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.

    Article R. 4457-3  
    If the results of the assessment reveal individual exposures likely to reach or exceed an effective dose of 1 mSv per year, the employer studies the technical possibilities for avoiding or reducing the exposure of workers, in particular by using a process or a product offering better guarantees for the health and safety of workers.
    Article R. 4457-4  
    If replacement by a different process or product is not feasible, the employer defines and implements work processes and technical measures in order to reduce individual and group exposures to as low a level as it is technically. possible.
    Article R. 4457-5  
    A joint order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, establishes the list of activities or categories of professional activities concerned by the provisions of Article R. 4457-1, taking into account the quantities of radionuclides held or the exposure levels likely to be measured.
  • Section 2 Exposure to radon of geological origin

    Article R. 4457-6  

    In establishments located in the departments or parts of departments appearing on the list provided for in Article R. 1333-15 of the Public Health Code , where workers, due to the situation in their workplaces, are exposed to radon activity, the employer has this activity measured by an approved body mentioned in Article R. 1333-15 of the Public Health Code or by the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.
    When the results of the measurements carried out are greater than the levels set by a decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority, the employer takes the necessary actions to reduce the exposure as low as reasonably possible.

    Article R. 4457-7  

    The employer communicates the results of the measurements carried out to the Nuclear Safety Authority and to the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.

    Article R. 4457-8  
    A joint order of the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, establishes:
    1 ° The list of activities or categories of activities professionals concerned by the provisions of article R. 4457-6, taking into account, where applicable, the geological characteristics of the subsoil;
    2 ° The terms and conditions of application of this same article.
    Article R. 4457-9  A decision of the Nuclear Safety Authority, approved by the ministers responsible for labor and agriculture, sets, taking into account the nature and extent of the risk, the levels provided for in article R. 4457-6 .
  • Section 3 Exposure to ionizing radiation on board aircraft in flight

    Article R. 4457-10  

    When workers are assigned for all or part of their working time to the performance of tasks on board aircraft in flight, the employer carries out an assessment of the doses likely to be received by them, using , if necessary, at the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.
    It communicates the results of this assessment to the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety.Article R. 4457-11  

    If the results of the assessment of the doses likely to be received reveal individual exposures liable to reach or exceed an effective dose of 1 mSv per year, the employer shall take the general administrative and technical measures necessary to reduce the dose. ‘exposure.
    As such, it schedules the execution of tasks to reduce the doses received during flights, in particular when a pregnancy is declared by a member of the staff.

    Article R. 4457-12  

    An order of the ministers responsible for labor and transport, taken after consulting the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, sets out the methods for assessing exposure and for communicating the results mentioned in article R. 4457-10.

  • Section 4 Common provisions

    Article R. 4457-13  

    When the risk prevention measures implemented in application of sections 1 to 3 do not make it possible to reduce the exposure of workers below the levels mentioned in these sections, the establishments concerned are then subject to the provisions laid down in Chapters I to VI, with the exception of the provisions provided for in article R. 4452-12 other than those of 5 °.
    Are also excluded:
    1 ° For the establishments mentioned in subsection 2, the provisions relating to the supervised and controlled areas provided for in section 1 of chapter II as well as those relating to operational dosimetric monitoring provided for in article R. 4453-24;
    2 ° For aircraft in flight, the provisions relating to the supervised and controlled areas provided for in section 1 of chapter II, those relating to the working environment controls provided for in article R. 4452-13 as well as those relating to monitoring operational dosimetry provided for in article R. 4453-24.

    Article R. 4457-14  

    Decrees of the ministers responsible for labor, agriculture and, as the case may be, the minister responsible for transport, taken after consultation with the Nuclear Safety Authority and the Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, set out, in as necessary, for the establishments mentioned in article R. 4457-13:
    1 ° The specific rules applicable to the delimitation and signage of supervised or controlled areas, the health, safety and maintenance rules applicable therein, those governing access as well as those relating to posting provided for in Articles R. 4452-6 and R. 4452-7;
    2 ° The conditions and means necessary for the implementation of the radiological monitoring provided for in section 6 of chapter III, depending on the nature and importance of the risk.

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