Copyright protection can be considered inadequate since the value of the database does not primarily depend on its form, but on its content.
In Europe, Article 7 of the Database Directive of 11 March 1996 adds to copyright protection a “sui generis” right of the producer of the database against extraction or reuse of the latter. of a “substantial part of the contents thereof”.
The law of July 1, 1998 introduced in the Intellectual Property Code (art. L341-1 of the Intellectual Property Code) a protection of the database “when the constitution, the verification or the presentation of this one certifies of a substantial financial, material or human investment “. This protection allows “the person who takes the initiative and the risk of the corresponding investments” to protect the value of the contents of the databases.
It can prohibit (articles L 341 and L 342 of the Intellectual Property Code)
||the “permanent or temporary transfer of the whole or of a qualitatively or quantitatively substantial part of the contents of a database on another medium”
||“the making available to the public of all or a qualitatively or quantitatively substantial part of the continuous base”
||“‘the repeated and systematic extraction or reuse of qualitatively or quantitatively insubstantial parts of the content of the database when these operations manifestly exceed the conditions of normal use of the database
In the United States, databases are not protected in a comparable way and the appropriateness of such protection has been questioned by the Copyright Office.
Subscriber; Electronic directory; Inversed annual ; electronic database; Public databases; Competition; Illicit extraction; Internet ; Substantial investment; Monopoly; database producer
Paris Commercial Court, June 18, 1999, Paris Court of Appeal October 6, 1995, Tellier-Loniewski, Laurence, Gazette du Palais, 04/08/2000, pp 40-47
REFERENCES Court of Cassation, Civil Chamber, July 16, 1998, SA Ariès and Annahold BV against SA Paravision International and Mr. Philippe Meyer
Remuneration of the author of videocassettes, Tafforeau, Patrick, Légipresse, n ° 158, 01/01/1999
Rights of database producers:
first decisions (Tribunal de Grande Instance (TGI) of Paris, Third Chamber, June 22, 1999, Société par Actions Simplifiée (SAS) group Miller Freeman and others against Société Tigest; Commercial Court of Paris, Fifteenth Chamber, June 18, 1999, France Telecom against SARL MA Editions and others; Court of Appeal (CA) of Paris, Fourth Chamber B, June 18, 1999, SA Groupe Moniteur and others against Société Observatoire des marchés publics), Caron, Christophe, Communication Electronic Commerce, 01/11 / 1999, pp 15-16
Interim database failure, Commercial Court of Nanterre, interim order, October 4, 1999, SA PR Line against SA Communication & Sales, SARL Newinvest, Caron, Christophe, Communication Commerce électronique, 01/01/2000, p14
Law number 98-536 of July 1, 1998 transposing into domestic law the database directive of March 11, 1996
Lorimy, Julie, Revue de droit de l ‘informatique et des Télécoms (DIT) Law number 98-536 of 1 st July 1998 transposing into domestic law the database directive of 11 March 1996, 01/04/1999, pp. 100-102
Internet, copyright and photography, Hassler, Théo; Lapp, Virginie, Légipresse, 01/11/1997, pp. 137-139
Copyright imbalance: US and Australian responses to the WIPO Digital Copyright Treaty, Fitzpatrick, Simon, European Intellectual Property Review (EIPR), 01/05/2000, pp 214-228
The rights of actors in the face of digitization, Dessemontet, François, Revue de droit informatique et des Télécoms (DIT), 1996.7