LexInter | December 11, 2017 | 0 Comments


Section IV: Of the cause  
Article 1131  
 An obligation without cause, or on a false cause, or on an illicit cause, cannot have any effect.  
Article 1132  
 The convention is no less valid, although the cause is not expressed.  
Article 1133  
 The cause is illegal, when it is prohibited by law, when it is contrary to good morals or public order  

The notion of cause has given rise to abundant doctrinal discussions on its definition: efficient cause and final cause, and with regard to the final cause: immediate cause or distant cause, abstract cause or objective cause.

The concept of cause allows the judge to ensure that the obligation subscribed is based on sufficient justification to protect the contracting parties.

The cause has become a means of ensuring the interdependence of various contracts in the contractual sets, making it possible to link the fate of these acts and to create indivisibility between the various obligations. This is the case with the financing contract for computer equipment and for a computer advertising service.

  1. Cass. com. February 15, 2000, Société CMV Financement c / M. Soulard, Bull.civ .. n ° 29 p. 23, Cass.


The economics of the contract

By means of the ” economy of the contract “, the Court of Cassation imposes respect not only for the internal consistency of the contract, but for the economic balance between the parties to the contract.

It joins the idea of essential obligations sanctioning the clauses which contradict the scope of the fundamental commitment


Cass. com. February 15, 2000, Société CMV Financement c / M. Soulard, Bull.civ .. n ° 29 p. 23, Cass.

Cass. Civ. 1st, February 9, 1999, Appeal n ° 95-21.273, Juridisque Lamy,, Cass. civ. 2, March 25, 1998, Bull. civ. II, n. 110, Cass. civ. 3rd, March 3, 1993, Bull. civ. III n ° 28, February 10, 1998, appeal n ° 95-631, Juridisque Lamy

  Cause and economy of the contract, a tandem at the service of the interdependence of contracts,, Gaelle Meilhac-Redon, Franck Marmoz, Petites Affiches, Dec. 2000, p. 12

An embarrassing notion, the economy of the contract, D. 2000, chron. p. 382



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