Intersections And Priority Of Passage
LexInter | April 3, 2017 | 0 Comments

Intersections And Priority Of Passage

ROAD CODE
(Regulatory Part – Decrees of the Council of State)

Chapter V: Intersections and right of way

Article R415-1

 Any driver approaching a road intersection must check that the roadway he is going to cross is free, drive at a more moderate speed as the visibility conditions are less good and, if necessary, announce his approach. .
The fact, for any driver, of contravening the provisions of this article is punished by the fine provided for the contraventions of the fourth class.

Article R415-2

   Any driver must only enter an intersection if his vehicle is not at risk of being immobilized there and preventing the passage of vehicles traveling on other lanes.
The driver of a vehicle other than a cycle or a moped must not enter the space between the two stop lines defined in article R. 415-15 when his vehicle risks being there. immobilized.
The fact, for any driver, of contravening the provisions of the first paragraph is punished by the fine provided for the contraventions of the fourth class.
The fact, for any driver of a vehicle other than a cycle or a moped, to contravene the provisions of the second paragraph is punished by the

Article R415-3

   Any driver preparing to leave a road on his right must keep to the right edge of the road.
He may however take the left part of the road when the layout of the turn and the dimensions of the vehicle or its load make it impossible for him to keep his right; he should therefore maneuver only at moderate speed, and after making sure that he can do so without endangering others.
The fact, for any driver, of contravening the provisions of this article is punished by the fine provided for the contraventions of the fourth class.

Article R415-4

(Decree n ° 2003-283 of March 27, 2003 art. 2 Official Journal of March 29, 2003)

I. – Any driver preparing to leave a road on his left must keep to the left.
II. – When the roadway is two-way traffic, it must not go beyond the median axis. However, when this roadway has an odd number of materialized lanes, it must, unless otherwise provided by the authority vested with police power, take the middle lane.
III. – He must give way to vehicles coming in the opposite direction on the roadway he is about to leave as well as to cycles and mopeds circulating on the cycle paths which cross the roadway on which he is going to enter.
IV. – As an exception to the rule set in I, any cycle driver preparing to leave a road on his left outside a built-up area may hug the right edge of the road before entering on his left.
V. – The fact, for any driver, of contravening the provisions of I and II above is punished by the fine provided for second class contraventions.
VI. – The fact, for any driver, of not respecting the rule of priority fixed in III above is punished with the fine envisaged for the contraventions of the fourth class.
VII. – Anyone guilty of this violation of the priority rules also incurs the additional penalty of suspension, for a period of three years at most, of the driving license, this suspension being able to be limited to driving outside professional activity.
VIII. – This violation of the priority rules automatically gives rise to a reduction of four points of the driving license.

Article R415-5

   When two drivers approach an intersection by different roads, the driver coming from the left is required to yield the right of way to the other driver, unless otherwise provided for in this book.
Failure to comply with the priority rules set out in this article for any driver is punishable by the fine provided for fourth class contraventions.
Any driver guilty of this offense also incurs the additional penalty of suspension, for a period of three years at most, of the driving license, this suspension being able to be limited to driving outside professional activity.
This contravention automatically gives rise to a reduction of four points of the driving license.

Article R415-6

   At certain intersections indicated by so-called stop signs, all drivers must stop at the limit of the road approached. He must then give way to vehicles traveling on the other road (s) and only enter them after making sure that he can do so without danger.
The fact, for any driver, of contravening the provisions of this article is punished by the fine provided for the contraventions of the fourth class.
Any driver guilty of one of the offenses provided for in this article also incurs the additional penalty of suspension, for a period of three years at most, of the driving license, this suspension being able to be limited to driving outside professional activity. .
These fines give rise as of right to a reduction of four points of the driving license.

Article R415-7

   At certain intersections indicated by a sign called give way, all drivers must give way to vehicles traveling on the other or other roads and only enter them after making sure that they can do so without danger. .
The fact, for any driver, of contravening the provisions of this article is punished by the fine provided for the contraventions of the fourth class.
Any driver guilty of this offense also incurs the additional penalty of suspension, for a period of three years at most, of the driving license, this suspension being able to be limited to driving outside professional activity.
This contravention automatically gives rise to a reduction of four points of the driving license.

Article R415-8

   Outside built-up areas, any driver approaching a busy road and not himself on a road of this category is required to give way to vehicles traveling on the busy road.
In built-up areas, any driver approaching a busy road and not himself on a road of this category may also, by order of the prefect taken after consultation with the mayor, be required to give way to vehicles traveling on the road. busy road.
The mayor may, by decree taken after consulting the prefect, postpone the obligation provided for in the previous paragraph to drivers who approach roads other than a road classified as heavy traffic if these roads ensure the continuity of the route to heavy traffic or impose the same obligation on these drivers.
The signage for these roads is the same as for major traffic roads.
Failure to comply with the priority rules set out in this article for any driver is punishable by the fine provided for fourth class contraventions.
Any driver guilty of this offense also incurs the additional penalty of suspension, for a period of three years at most, of the driving license, this suspension being able to be limited to driving outside professional activity.
This contravention automatically gives rise to a reduction of four points of the driving license.

Article R415-9

   I. – Any driver opening onto a road from an access not open to public traffic, from a dirt road or from a parking area at the edge of the road must only enter it on the road. ‘after making sure that it can be done safely and at a sufficiently low speed to allow stopping in place.
II. – He must give way to any other vehicle.
III. – The fact, for any driver, of contravening the provisions of II above is punished by the fine provided for contraventions of the fourth class.
IV. – Any driver guilty of this offense also incurs the additional penalty of suspension, for a period of three years at most, of the driving license, this suspension being able to be limited to driving outside professional activity.
V. – This fine gives rise as of right to a reduction of four points of the driving license.


Article R415-10

   Any driver approaching a roundabout junction is required, regardless of the classification of the road he is about to leave, to yield the right of way to users traveling on the roadway surrounding the roundabout junction.
Failure to comply with the priority rules set out in this article for any driver is punishable by the fine provided for fourth class contraventions.
Any driver guilty of this offense also incurs the additional penalty of suspension, for a period of three years at most, of the driving license, this suspension being able to be limited to driving outside professional activity.
This contravention automatically gives rise to a reduction of four points of the driving license.

Article R415-11

   Any driver is required to yield the right of way to pedestrians regularly engaged in crossing a roadway.
Failure to comply with the priority rules set out in this article for any driver is punishable by the fine provided for fourth class contraventions.
Any driver guilty of this offense also incurs the additional penalty of suspension, for a period of three years at most, of the driving license, this suspension being able to be limited to driving outside professional activity.
This contravention automatically gives rise to a reduction of four points of the driving license.

Article R415-12

   In all circumstances, all drivers are required to give way to priority general interest vehicles announcing their approach by using the special warning devices provided for their category.
Failure to comply with the priority rules set out in this article for any driver is punishable by the fine provided for fourth class contraventions.
Any driver guilty of this offense also incurs the additional penalty of suspension, for a period of three years at most, of the driving license, this suspension being able to be limited to driving outside professional activity.
This contravention automatically gives rise to a reduction of four points of the driving license.

Article R415-13

   At intersections, when a carriageway with several lanes has one or more lanes or lanes reserved for the circulation of certain categories of vehicles, the priority rules provided for in this book apply to all drivers traveling on this roadway or approaching it. .

Article R415-14

   For the application of all the priority rules, a cycle track is considered as a lane of the main road that it runs along, except for different provisions taken by the authority vested with police power.

Article R415-15

   At intersections, the authority vested with police power may decide to create:
1 ° On the access roads, staggered and distinct traffic lights, one for cycles and mopeds, the other for other categories of vehicles;
2 ° On access roads equipped with signal lights common to all categories of users, two separate stop lines, one for cycles and mopeds, the other for other categories of vehicles;
3 ° A reserved lane that cycle and moped drivers are required to take to bypass the intersection on the right.

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