LexInter | August 16, 2003 | 0 Comments

ROAD CODE

Article R312-1

   The empty weight of a vehicle means the weight of the vehicle in running order including the chassis with the accumulators and the water tank filled, the fuel tanks or gasifiers filled, the bodywork, the normal equipment, the spare wheels and tires and common tools normally supplied with the vehicle.
The total weight of an articulated vehicle, a combination of vehicles or a double train is called the total running weight of the articulated vehicle, a combination of vehicles or a double train.
The Minister in charge of transport fixes by decree the definition of the empty weight and the payload of motorcycles, motor tricycles and quadricycles and mopeds

Article R312-2

   It is forbidden to circulate a vehicle or a component of a vehicle whose actual weight exceeds the authorized total weight fixed by the regional directorate for industry, research and the environment or by the competent authority of a Member State of the European Community and entered on the registration certificate of each vehicle or vehicle component.
It is forbidden to drive a vehicle or a component of a vehicle whose axle supports an actual load that exceeds the maximum authorized weight for that axle.
It is forbidden to circulate a set of vehicles, an articulated vehicle or a double train whose actual total rolling weight exceeds the authorized total rolling weight set by the regional directorate for industry, research and the environment or by the competent authority of a Member State of the European Community and entered on the registration certificate of the towing vehicle.
The running conditions of the towing vehicle of an articulated vehicle, even not coupled to a semi-trailer, are determined by its authorized total rolling weight.
The Minister in charge of transport determines by decree the modalities of application of this article and the conditions under which exemptions may be granted to certain sets of vehicles traveling at reduced speed and to public works equipment.
Any violation of the provisions of this article or of those adopted for its application is punishable by the fine provided for contraventions of the fourth class.
However, when the overruns exceed the regulatory limits by more than 20%, the fine incurred is that provided for offenses in the fifth class.
In the latter case, the repeat offense is punished in accordance with article 132-11 of the penal code.
If the authorized weight exceeds 5%, immobilization may be prescribed under the conditions provided for in Articles L. 325-1 to L. 325-3.

Article R312-3

   The actual weight of the trailer or trailers coupled behind a towing vehicle may not exceed 1.3 times the actual weight of the latter.
However, in the event that the actual total rolling weight of an assembly consisting of a towing vehicle and a trailer is greater than 32 tonnes, the coefficient 1.3 above is increased by a value equal to 80% of the ratio between the part of the actual total rolling weight exceeding 32 tonnes and 32 tonnes, without being able to be greater than 1.5.
The total laden weight of trailers, motorcycles, motor tricycles and quadricycles, mopeds may not exceed 50% of the unladen weight of the towing vehicle.
The provisions of this article are not applicable to cycle trailers and animal drawn vehicles.
The Minister in charge of transport determines by decree the modalities of application of this article and the conditions under which exemptions may be granted to certain combinations of vehicles traveling at reduced speed and to public works equipment and agricultural vehicles.
Any violation of the provisions of this article or of those adopted for its application is punishable by the fine provided for contraventions of the fourth class.
However, when the overruns exceed the regulatory limits by more than 20%, the fine incurred is that provided for offenses in the fifth class.
In the latter case, the repeat offense is punished in accordance with article 132-11 of the penal code.
If the authorized weight exceeds 5%, immobilization may be prescribed under the conditions provided for in Articles L. 325-1 to L. 325-3.

Article R312-4

   I. – The authorized total weight of a vehicle must not exceed the following limits:
1 ° Motor vehicle with two axles, or trailer with two axles: 19 tonnes;
2 ° Motor vehicle with three axles, or towed vehicle with three axles or more: 26 tonnes;
3 ° Motor vehicle with four axles or more: 32 tonnes;
4º Articulated bus comprising a single articulated section: 32 tonnes;
5 ° Articulated bus comprising at least two articulated sections: 38 tonnes;
6º Articulated coach: 28 tons.
II. – The authorized total rolling weight of an articulated vehicle of a set made up of a motor vehicle and a trailer of a double train must not exceed:
(1) 38 tonnes, if the assembly in question does not have more than four axles;
(2) 40 tonnes, if the assembly considered has more than four axles.
III. – The permissible total rolling weight of an articulated vehicle, a double train or a combination consisting of a motor vehicle and a trailer with more than four axles, used for combined transport, may exceed 40 tonnes without exceeding 44 tonnes.
IV. – Vehicles with gasifier, compressed gas and electric accumulators benefit, up to the maximum limit of one tonne, from exemptions corresponding to the weight in running order either of the gasifier and its accessories, or of the accumulators and their accessories. The same is true, within the maximum limit of 0.5 tonnes, for the weights of the retarders of vehicles fitted with them.
V. – The empty weight of three-wheel mopeds cannot exceed 270 kilograms and their payload cannot exceed 300 kilograms.
VI. – The Minister in charge of transport determines by decree the modalities of application of this article and fixes the authorized total weight of the winter service vehicles.
VII. – Any infringement of the provisions of this article or of those taken for its application is punished by the fine provided for contraventions of the fourth class.
VIII. – However, when the overruns exceed the regulatory limits by more than 20%, the fine incurred is that provided for offenses in the fifth class.
IX. – In the latter case, the repeat offense is punished in accordance with article 132-11 of the penal code.
X. – If the authorized weight exceeds 5%, immobilization may be prescribed under the conditions provided for in Articles L. 325-1 to L. 325-3.

Article R312-5

   The most heavily loaded axle of a vehicle or part of a vehicle must not support a load greater than 13 tonnes.
The Minister in charge of transport determines by decree the derogatory conditions applicable to certain public works equipment.
Any violation of the provisions of this article or of those adopted for its application is punishable by the fine provided for contraventions of the fourth class.
However, when the overruns exceed the regulatory limits by more than 20%, the fine incurred is that provided for offenses in the fifth class.
In the latter case, the repeat offense is punished in accordance with article 132-11 of the penal code.
If the axle load exceeding 5% is exceeded, immobilization may be prescribed under the conditions provided for in Articles L. 325-1 to L. 325-3.

Article R312-6

   I. – On vehicles or parts thereof having more than two axles, the load of the most heavily loaded axle belonging to a group of axles must not, depending on the distance separating two consecutive axles of this group, exceed the following values:
a) For a distance between two consecutive axles less than 0.90 meters: 7.350 tonnes;
b) For a distance between two consecutive axles greater than or equal to 0.90 meters and less than 1.35 meters: 7.350 tonnes increased by 0.35 tonnes per 5 centimeters of the distance between the two axles reduced by 0.90 metre ;
c) For a distance between two consecutive axles greater than or equal to 1.35 meters and less than 1.80 meters: 10.5 tonnes.
II. – However, the maximum load of the driving axle belonging to a group of two axles of a motor vehicle may be increased to 11.5 tonnes, provided that the total load of the group does not exceed, depending on the distance separating the two axles, the following values:
1º For a distance between the two axles less than 0.90 meter: 13.15 tonnes;
2 ° For a distance between the two axles greater than or equal to 0.90 meters and less than 1 meter: 13.15 tonnes increased by 0.65 tonnes per 5 centimeters of the distance between the two axles reduced by 0.90 meters ;
3 ° For a distance between the two axles greater than or equal to 1 meter and less than 1.35 meters, the greater of the following two values:
a) 13.15 tonnes increased by 0.65 tonnes for every 5 centimeters of the distance between the two axles reduced by 0.90 meters;
(b) 16 tonnes;
4 ° For a distance between the two axles greater than or equal to 1.35 meters and less than 1.80 meters: 19 tonnes.
III. – The Minister in charge of transport determines by decree the derogatory conditions applicable to certain public works equipment.
IV. – Any violation of the provisions of this article or of those taken for its application is punishable by the fine provided for contraventions of the fourth class.
V. – However, when the overruns exceed the regulatory limits by more than 20%, the fine incurred is that provided for contraventions of the fifth class.
VI. – In the latter case, the repeat offense is punished in accordance with article 132-11 of the penal code.
VII. – If axle loads exceeding 5% are exceeded, immobilization may be prescribed under the conditions provided for in Articles L. 325-1 to L. 325-3

Article R312-7

   For agricultural vehicles and equipment and animal-drawn vehicles not fitted with tires, the load supported by the ground must not at any time be able to exceed 150 kilograms per centimeter of tire width.
Any infringement of the provisions of this article is punishable by the fine provided for contraventions of the fourth class.
If the authorized weight exceeds 5%, immobilization may be prescribed under the conditions provided for in Articles L. 325-1 to L. 325-3.

Article R312-8

   The Minister in charge of transport determines by decree the rules relating to the weights of special vehicles whose speed cannot exceed 25 km / h by construction.
The fact, for any operator of a special vehicle, to contravene the provisions taken in application of this article is punished by the fine provided for the contraventions of the fourth class.
However, when the overruns exceed the regulatory limits by more than 20%, the fine incurred is that provided for offenses in the fifth class.
In the latter case, the repeat offense is punished in accordance with article 132-11 of the penal code.
If the authorized weight exceeds 5%, immobilization may be prescribed under the conditions provided for in Articles L. 325-1 to L. 325-3.

Article R312-9

   The provisions of this section are applicable to vehicles and special equipment of the armed forces only if they are compatible with their technical characteristics of manufacture and use.

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