NEW CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE
Chapter II: Rules specific to graceful matter
The judge rules in a non-binding matter when, in the absence of a dispute, he is seized of a request which the law requires, due to the nature of the case or the quality of the applicant, to be submitted to his control. .
The judge may base his decision on all the facts relating to the case submitted to him, including those which have not been alleged.
The judge carries out, even ex officio, all useful investigations.
He has the option of hearing without formalities the persons who can inform him as well as those whose interests are likely to be affected by his decision.
The judge can rule without debate.
A third party may be authorized by the judge to consult the case file and to obtain a copy of it, if he has a legitimate interest.