The action is the right, for the author of a claim, to be heard on the merits of this one so that the judge can say it well or ill-founded.
For the opponent, action is the right to discuss the merits of this claim.
V ° INTEREST IN ACTING
RECENT JURISPRUDENCE: INTEREST IN ACTING
The action is open to anyone who has a legitimate interest in the success or rejection of a claim, subject to cases in which the law grants the right to act to only those persons whom it qualifies to raise or combat a claim. , or to defend a specific interest.
Any claim made by or against a person deprived of the right to act is inadmissible.
V ° ABUSIVE PROCEDURE
(Decree nº 78-62 of January 20, 1978 art. 14 Official Journal of January 24, 1978) (Decree nº 2001-373 of April 27, 2001 art. 1st Official Journal of April 29, 2001 in force on January 1, 2002)
Whoever acts in a dilatory or abusive manner may be sentenced to a civil fine of 15 euros to 1,500 euros, without prejudice to the damages that would be claimed.