The United States is founded on equality. We have a long history of protecting the rights of people with disabilities, but it wasn’t always this way. Today, some laws ensure the rights of people with disabilities, such as having wheelchair ramps at offices, restaurants, and other establishments are compulsory under the law.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) is a landmark civil rights law prohibiting discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, public transportation, education, and government programs and services.
The law covers public accommodations, such as hotels and restaurants, but it also applies to private organizations, such as banks and doctors’ offices.
A person who believes they have been discriminated against under this law can file an administrative complaint with the Department of Justice (DOJ), which will investigate the claim.
If you think your employer has violated any part of the ADA policy or procedure regarding hiring qualified applicants with disabilities, you may have legal grounds for filing suit against them under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII).
Purpose of ADA
The purpose of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) is to provide a clear and comprehensive national mandate to eliminate discrimination against individuals with disabilities.
It also ensures that the Federal Government plays a central role in enforcing standards established by this Act. These include standards relating to the following:
- Public transportation
- Communications and telecommunications services
- Federal buildings and facilities
- State or local government programs
- Public accommodations
The ADA establishes strong civil rights protections against discrimination based on disability, whether physical or mental. It also means that these individuals can assert their rights if they feel that their treatment has been discriminatory.
Rights of People with Disabilities in the United States
People with disabilities have the same rights as others in the United States.
The Right to Live Independently
The right to live independently means that you should be able to live in your place and have the right to make decisions.
Accessibility at Public and Private Places
Many businesses set aside areas for people with disabilities to shop or eat with an accessible restroom nearby; these services are often free!
You also have access rights when traveling by plane or train. If there’s no wheelchair available on board, airlines will provide one upon request during the boarding process. Similarly, trains will provide assistance if needed before boarding begins.
Rights of Disabled Students in Schools
In the United States, disabled students have the right to an education, and public schools must provide transportation for disabled students. Disabled students also have the right to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE), which means their needs must be met in any setting, including private schools, if necessary.
Housing for the Disabled
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires that new construction and major public housing renovations be accessible. Additionally, the Fair Housing Act allows disabled people to sue for damages if they are denied housing because of their disability.